Cancer Immunotherapy

Cancer Immunotherapy

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Cancer Immunotherapy

Cancer immunotherapy is a type of treatment that harnesses the power of the immune system to fight cancer cells. It works by either stimulating the immune system to attack cancer cells more effectively or by directly targeting cancer cells in a way that makes them more vulnerable to destruction by the immune system.

There are several different types of cancer immunotherapy, including:

Checkpoint inhibitor therapy: This type of immunotherapy targets proteins on immune cells and cancer cells that act as “checkpoints,” which can slow down or stop the immune response against cancer cells. Checkpoint inhibitor drugs work by blocking the checkpoint proteins, allowing the immune system to attack the cancer cells more effectively.

CAR-T cell therapy: CAR-T cell therapy involves removing immune cells from the patient’s body, modifying them in the laboratory to produce chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) that target specific proteins found on cancer cells, and then infusing these modified cells back into the patient’s bloodstream. The CAR-T cells can then identify and attack cancer cells that express the targeted protein.

Vaccine therapy: Cancer vaccines work by stimulating the immune system to recognize and attack specific cancer cells. They can be used to prevent cancer from developing in people who are at high risk for the disease or to treat cancer that has already developed.

Adoptive T cell therapy: This type of immunotherapy involves removing T cells from the patient’s body, expanding the number of T cells in the laboratory, and then infusing these T cells back into the patient’s bloodstream. The T cells can then attack cancer cells.

Cancer immunotherapy can be an effective treatment option for some people with cancer, and is being used in combination with other treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy to achieve the best outcomes. However, it is important to note that not all cancers respond to immunotherapy, and it may not be suitable for everyone. It is important to discuss all of your treatment options with your healthcare provider.

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