Stem Cell Therapy and its use in both Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

Stem Cell Therapy and its use in both Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

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Which is the best treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Millions of people suffer from arthritis, but even after being such a common condition very less is known about the root cause of arthritis. This condition, in fact, is not a single ailment, but a number of joint diseases and pain together are referred to as arthritis. There are different types of this condition that affects people around the world, and it is growing to become one of the primary causes of disability as well. Arthritis Treatment involves preserving the functioning of the joints and improving mobility at the same time. Drugs are given to control inflammation and pain, but there is no complete Arthritis Treatment option.

With the evolution of Stem Cell Therapy, it has proved beneficial even for Arthritis Treatment. Researchers are studying the viability of using stem cells to treat the main types of this disease, which are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The first one is a degenerative condition, which involves the degradation of subchondral bone and articular cartilage. With the help of Stem Cell Therapy, stem cells are extracted from the patient’s bone marrow or abdominal tissue, and then the cells are injected back into the affected area. The results are visible only after few weeks of stem cell administration.

In this kind of Stem Cell Therapy for Arthritis Treatment, matured mesenchymal cells are used and the process completes in a few hours only. Gradually, the symptoms recede and some are reversed as well. Researchers are still studying the various aspects of such therapies and are making every possible effort to make the method safer and more efficient.

The other type of arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis, and presently treatment of this condition generally involves the administration of immune-suppressive means like methotrexate, steroid, infliximab, cyclosporine, etc. Although this kind of Arthritis Treatment helps in improving the condition temporarily, this is not suitable for the long term. In long term, such Arthritis Treatment options have shown adverse effects because of immune responses.

In several tests and clinical trials, Stem Cell Therapy has proved to be useful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Particularly, the use of mesenchymal cells for treating this condition is the center of attraction.

Tests show that mesenchymal cells produce agents that are anti-inflammatory, and these cells also encourage the creation of T regulatory cells, which protect the human body against the self-attack of the immune system. For the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allogeneic mesenchymal cells are the more preferable type of stem cells.

Scientists harvest these cells from umbilical cords that people now donate after healthy baby births. These cells are also screened to avoid any kind of infectious disease after injecting into the joints of the patient. The main advantage of using these cells is their immune-modulating ability and anti-inflammatory characteristics.

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